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Jesus is crucified
(April 3rd, 33 A.D.)
Jesus is risen from the dead (Easter Sunday, 33 A.D.)
The Holy Spirit descends upon the Apostles and other disciples following the Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension of Jesus Christ. (33 A.D.)
(Saint) Peter, Apostle of Christ and first Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, receives the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven from Jesus Christ (33 A.D.)
The Council of Jerusalem commences in Israel, and it is decreed that Gentile Christians do not have to observe the Mosaic Law of the Jews (48 A.D.).
Emperor Constantine I issues the Edict of Milan, permanently establishing religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire (313 A.D.)
The Council of Nicea convenes in present-day Turkey, resolving the controversy of Arianism, and declaring that only the Son became incarnate as Jesus Christ (325 A.D.)
The East-West Schism (a.k.a The Great Schism) occurs, resulting in the split between the Eastern Church and the Roman Catholic (Western) Church, creating the Eastern Orthodox Church (1054 A.D.)
Pope Julius II commissions Bramante to rebuild Saint Peter’s Basilica in its present-day location in Vatican City (1506).
The first session of the First Ecumenical Council of the Vatican commences at Saint Peter’s Basilica to address contemporary issues of the modern world and the rise of rationalism, liberalism, and materialism (December 8th, 1869).
The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican meets in Vatican City to renew the spirit of Catholicism and address the Church’s relations with the modern world (October 11, 1962).
(Blessed) Pope John Paul II becomes the first non-Italian to be elected as Bishop of Rome (October 16th, 1978).